A nebulizer is a machine that converts water-based solutions into inhaled droplets that are small enough to reach the lungs (1 to 5 μm). Usually, it is used with drugs to enlarge the lungs, bronchial tubes (bronchodilators). Administering the drug to the lungs immediately reduces the dose and side effects.
Droplets form in several ways: air-jet atomization, high-frequency vibrations, and collision jets of liquid (see Components section for more information). These often determine the type of drug used with the device and its cost.
Nebulizers are used for
Consult your doctor and follow instructions carefully before using any nebulized medication, even if you are already taking those medications. Medications can have significant health effects when sprayed and require medical supervision.
Asthma is a disease in which all the airways become inflamed. Inhaled medications help treat this inflammation by delivering high doses of medications directly to the target.
Nebulizers are recommended for patients, such as children, who cannot properly use conventional inhalers. Nebulizers are also recommended for acute asthma attacks, to provide medications to help dilate the airways. Patients especially those with ENT issues, must keep an Otoscope ophthalmoscope set and a nebulizer at home if they have asthma problems.
Short-acting beta2 agonists are used as needed in patients with occasional asthma attacks. They widen the airways by relaxing the muscles around them and quickly relieving symptoms. The most used are albuterol and terbutaline.
2. Cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited genetic condition in which very thick, viscous mucus builds up and blocks the airways. This results in persistent airway obstruction, chronic bacterial infections, and dilated airways.
• Nebulized is used to break down secretion.
• Neutralization with hypertonic saline is also recommended.
• Opioids are reserved only in severe end-stage cases.
3. Lung infections
The advantage of using antibiotics by nebulization is that large doses are delivered directly to the infected lungs. However, antibiotic aerosol therapy only increases the risk of developing multidrug-resistant infections in some cases.
- Patients with cystic fibrosis
Chronic P. aeruginosa infections are a major problem in patients with cystic fibrosis. Using the nebulized antibiotic twice a day may be a more effective treatment.
- Immunized patients
Pneumonia can be fatal in people with severely compromised immune systems; B. in HIV positive patients, leukemia patients, or organ or stem cell transplant patients.
Pneumonia can be caused by a virus such as a respiratory syncytial virus. Nebulization is approved for use in patients with weakened immune systems. For doctors, to buy a nebulizer for your clinics – must contact the Medical equipment distributors to buy in wholesale.
4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease that makes it difficult for the patient to breathe. Most patients have inflammation of the bronchial tubes, damage to the air sacs, and excessive mucus production.
Nebulized furosemide, a diuretic, helped relieve breathing difficulties in 2 double-blind randomized controlled trials involving 20 and 100 COPD patients. However, in several double-blind randomized controlled clinical trials in COPD patients, nebulized morphine did not improve respiration.
5. Acute lung injury
Bleeding disorders with increased clotting often occur after acute lung injury. Neutral antidepressants, drugs that block excessive blood clotting, can provide the high concentrations needed by the lungs.
6. Respiration in patients with elevated cancer
Pain reliever spray or diuretic furosemide may help with breathing difficulties in patients with advanced cancer.
7. Use of insulin
Patients with type 1 diabetes need continuous insulin injections to control their symptoms and glucose levels.
Other less invasive alternatives to insulin administration are being studied. Aerosolized insulin helps patients control their glucose levels, although it is not as effective as injected insulin. Rapid-onset nebulized insulin is currently being studied and is effective in 13 patients with type 2 diabetes.
Use in infants
When a nebulizer is used in young children, crying reduces the amount of drug that enters the lungs. The nebulizer should only be used when your child is calm and breathing normally.
A study that tried to treat 30 children (under 2 years of age) while they slept found that most of them woke up and refused treatment. A special baby pacifier mask was successfully used on 10 babies (under 12 months) to deliver the drug without waking them up.